YongQuan (KI 1) | 湧泉

YongQuan (KI 1)

YongQuan (KI 1), the 1st acupoint of the Foot ShaoYin Kidney Meridian), is one of the most commonly used acupoints.

Kidney 1 is the lowest acupuncture point on the entire body, which is the most Yin part of whole body. It is the entry point of Qi or Essence into the Kidney meridian. This is a powerful and effective point to shift consciousness (literally and figuratively).

Location:

On the sole, in the depression when the foot is in plantar flexion, approximately at the junction of the anterior one-third and posterior two-thirds of the line connecting the base of the 2nd and 3rd toes and the heel.


Function and Indication:

• It can descend excess from above, mainly for Liver-Yang or Liver-Fire Rising: headaches, tinnitus, hypertension, epilepsy, etc.

• It can cool Deficiency-Heat due to Kidney-Deficiency: chronic sore throat, dry mouth, low back pain, etc.

• It can nourish Kidney & Heart Yin: insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, poor memory, mania, rage w/desire to kill, hot flashes, night sweats, Menopausal syndrome, etc.

• It can help loss of consciousness, Yang-collapse.


Massage:

Massage KI 1 every night before sleeping. Having foot spa in warm water first. Then apply pressure on the pad of the thumb or middle finger. Press and rub it with gentle force. It is better to feel little soreness, numbness, heaviness, and tightness. Massage for 15 minutes until hot sensation gained.

Moxibustion:

Ignite the moxa, the ignited moxa sticks are appropriately close to the skin of the KI 1, and it is advisable to feel slightly warm but not too hot, no need to overheat. For health maintenance, moxibustion can be used every other day for 5-10 minutes each side each time.


Apply herbs (external use):

Using dry or fresh herbs, ground first, mixed with one of the following: egg white, Vaseline, vinegar and honey, put the paste on KI 1.

  • For Hypertension:

WuZuYu (Euodia ruticarpa) powder 18-30g, mixed with vinega

  • For Diarrhea in children:

  1. Garlic 12g, ground, mixed with egg white.

  2. HuJiao (Black pepper) 12g, AiYe (Wormwood Leaf) 30g, TouGuCao (Garden Balsam Stem) 30g, ground, mixed with egg white.


 

湧泉

足少陰腎經第1個穴位,是最常用的穴位之一,也是廣範圍應用的一個重要穴位。

《黃帝內經》上說:“腎出於湧泉,湧泉者足心也。”意思是說:腎經之氣猶如源泉之水,來源於足下,湧出灌溉周身四肢各處。湧泉穴是人體長壽大穴,經常刺激此穴,則腎精充足,耳聰目明,發育正常,精力充沛,性功能強盛,腰膝壯實不軟,行走有力。並能治療多種疾病。

定位:

• 在足底部,蜷足時足前部凹陷處,約當足底第2、3蹠趾縫紋頭端與足跟連線的前1/3與後2/3交點上。

• 用力彎曲腳趾時,足掌前部出現的凹陷處就是湧泉穴。


功效:

• 治療神誌疾病,如癲癇、暈厥、狂躁、神誌不清、精神分裂症等等,同樣對於小兒高熱驚厥(俗稱抽風),有較好的療效,常常是急救常用穴位之一,可以選擇針刺,也可以用普通的艾灸。

• 頭痛、頭暈。對於平素有頭痛、頭暈,伴見腰背酸痛、手足冰冷、畏寒怕風、神疲乏力、進食冷食則腹瀉的患者有效。

• 咽喉腫痛。湧泉穴有利咽瀉火的功效,對感冒初期或急性扁桃體炎初期,有咳嗽、咳痰、咽痛的患者,針刺或按壓湧泉穴可以緩解咽喉腫痛。

• 緩解婦女更年期綜合徵,女性在進入更年期後,由於體內雌激素水平的下降,患者出現足心熱、脾氣急躁、夜間盜汗、自覺有氣從下向上沖擊胸部(中醫稱為奔豚氣),這都是腎氣虧虛的表現,因此對於這類人群除了藥物治療外,湧泉穴的養生同樣重要。

按摩:

每日臨睡前用溫水泡腳,再用手互相擦熱後,用左手心按摩右腳湧泉穴,右手心按摩左腳湧泉穴,每次15分钟左右,以搓熱雙腳為宜。

經常按摩湧泉穴,可以使人腎精充足、耳聰目明、精神充沛、性功能強盛、腰膝壯實不軟、行走有力。

清代《急救广生集》指出:“擦足,每晚上床时,用珠算握趾,一手擦足心,如多至千数,少至百数,觉足心热,将足趾微微转动,二足更番摩擦。盖涌泉穴在两足心内,摩热睡下,最能固精融血,康健延寿,益人之功甚多。”


艾灸:

將艾灸點燃後放於湧泉穴上方約2~3厘米左右施灸,以無灼痛感為宜,一般每次兩側湧泉穴各灸5~10分鐘。隔日灸1次。


藥敷:

將鮮藥搗爛,或將干藥研成細末,加以雞蛋清、凡士林、醋、蜜調和,直接敷貼於湧泉穴,讓藥物接觸皮膚、經穴,達到治療疾病的目的。

• 高血壓:吳茱萸粉18~30克,用醋調糊狀,敷於雙足心,一般保留12~24小時一次。

• 小兒泄瀉:大蒜12克,搗爛,調拌雞蛋清。外敷貼湧泉穴,或用胡椒12克,艾葉、透骨草各30克,共搗爛,調拌雞蛋清,外敷貼足心,固定好。




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